Order has all however given way to the violent impulses represented by Jack’s tribe. When rescuers arrive to take the boys back to civilization, Ralph symbolically regains authority.
By the tip of the novel, he has losthope within the boys’ rescue altogether. The progression of Ralph’s character from idealism to pessimistic realism expresses the extent to which life on the island has eradicated his childhood. Even so, the novel isn’t totally pessimistic about the human capacity for good.
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They resolve that their only selection is to journey to the Castle Rock to make Jack and his followers see reason. Chanting and dancing in several separate circles alongside the seaside, the boys are caught up in a kind of frenzy. Even Ralph and Piggy, swept away by the thrill, dance on the fringes of the group. The boys once more reenact the looking of the pig and attain a high pitch of frenzied power as they chant and dance.
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- The pig’s head claims that it’s the beast, and it mocks the concept the beast could possibly be hunted and killed.
- Ralph struggles to make Jack perceive the importance of the sign fireplace to any hope the boys may need of ever being rescued, but Jack orders his hunters to capture Sam and Eric and tie them up.
- With their rescue, the weight of the boys’ expertise and actions begins to sink in.
- This begins a battle between Jack and Ralph and foreshadows the much bigger conflict which arises in the following chapters.
- While evil impulses may lurk in each human psyche, the intensity of those impulses-and the ability to regulate them-appear to vary from individual to individual.
Suddenly, the boys see a shadowy determine creep out of the forest—it is Simon. Shouting that he is the beast, the boys descend upon Simon and start to tear him aside with their bare arms and tooth. Simon tries desperately to clarify what has happened and to remind them of who he’s, but he trips and plunges over the rocks onto the seaside.
With the brutal, animalistic homicide of Simon, the final vestige of civilized order on the island is stripped away, and brutality and chaos take over. By this level, the boys in Jack’s camp are all however inhuman savages, and Ralph’s few remaining allies endure dwindling spirits and think about becoming a member of Jack. Even Ralph and Piggy themselves get swept up within the ritual dance round Jack’s banquet hearth.
To Piggy’s dismay, Jack grabs his thick glasses and uses them to mirror the solar’s rays, efficiently creating a fire. Golding had plenty of experience in coping with schoolboys, for he was a teacher in Britain for many years.
Ralph, now deserted by most of his supporters, journeys to Castle Rock to confront Jack and secure the glasses. Taking the conch and accompanied only by Piggy, Sam, and Eric, Ralph finds the tribe and demands that they return the dear object. Confirming their total rejection of Ralph’s authority, the tribe capture and bind the twins under Jack’s command. Ralph and Jack interact in a struggle which neither wins before Piggy tries as soon as extra to handle the tribe. Any sense of order or safety is permanently eroded when Roger, now sadistic, intentionally drops a boulder from his vantage level above, killing Piggy and shattering the conch.